Attribution: Iain Sinclair (Night sky over Ben Wyvis)

The Communities of Ross and Cromarty

In 1975 the Highland Regional Council was formed and was split into different districts.  As a result, one of the newly formed districts consisted of the communities of Ross and Cromarty, made up of approximately 36 communities.   

Ross and Cromarty Heritage looks at each of these communities.  Firstly, we look at its history.  Secondly, what about the folk who live there?  For example, what jobs did they do? And, what did they do when they weren’t working?  Importantly, what buildings did they leave behind? In addition, what impact did they have on their environment? Each community has some interesting places and buildings of historical interest, which we also look at.

Image of the High Street of the Highland Community of Tain
Attribution: Postdlf, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Strathconon, October 2018. Attribution: Photo courtesy of Iain Sinclair

The Environment

The county of Ross and Cromarty covers some 3080 square miles and, unlike most of Scotland’s counties, spans the country from the Atlantic on the west to the North Sea on the east. It is a physically spectacular county with a rugged, indented coastline and mountainous interior. With only around 20% of its landmass comprising the lowlands of Easter Ross and the Black Isle, it is one of the most mountainous counties in the UK.

the history of Ross and Cromarty

On the 25th. May, 1790, Sir John Sinclair, Baronet of Ulbster in Caithness, wrote to over nine hundred Parish ministers throughout Scotland asking them to contribute to a Statistical Inquiry. The 1st Statistical Accounts included Parishes of Ross and Cromarty and is probably the first complete written record of the area.

Ross and Cromarty local government county was created in 1890 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. This remained unchanged until it was abolished in 1975 when the new Highland Region was formed. The old Ross and Cromarty county was divided between three new districts. Most of the former county became the new district of Ross and Cromarty. Lochalsh joined the Skye and Lochalsh district, Kincardine area joined Sutherland district and Lewis became part of the Western Isles.

Sir John Sinclair, Baronet of Ulbster in Caithness
Attribution: Image taken from Raeburn painting 

Attribution: Dingwall Gaelic Choir, Hamish Menzies & Kirsteen Menzies  2013

The Culture, Social life and Places

The Ross and Cromarty area has a diverse highland culture. This website contains a snapshot of folk, their social activities, education and places were they lived.  Social activities include sport such as curling and football, but also opera, drama clubs and music. Highland culture also includes writers such as Neil Gunn.

The Work in Ross and Cromarty

The area is mainly rural, over the years many have worked in agriculture and fishing, but other industries are also represented within these pages including engineering, power generation and tourism.

Ross and Cromarty Community Areas

Attribution: Ian Fraser (RCHS) This map contains  freeworldmaps data  protected by 

© copyright (2024)
Image reading: supported by the Dingwall Common Good Fund; le taid bho maoin mathas coitcheann inghir pheopharain

This project has been supported by the Forbes Fund, the Dingwall Ward Common Good Fund and ongoing support from various other sponsors.

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