World War 1

World War One Collage

War Records 1914-18

Sergeant Major (later Captain) David MacAndie, MC, DCM, MM (RJ photo)

Mac MacAndie, holding his uncle's medals, and his cousins, with their uncle's portrait behind.

Jamie Morris, the artist, with his painting of David MacAndie.

Captain David MacAndie, MC, DCM, MM, of the 10th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, later the Calgary Highlanders.

Captain David MacAndie's medals.

Mackenzie MacAndie with his uncle's portrait.

Calgary Highlanders war memorial.
[Above four photos courtesy of Mac MacAndie.]

Jamie Morris at work on the portrait.

Jamie Morris at work on the portrait.

The portrait unveiled at the Calgary Highlanders Regimental Museum and Archives.

[Above four photos courtest of Mike Symington/CBC.]

Lt-Colonel Kyle Clapperton, commanding officer of the Calgary Highlanders.


Corporal Walter MacAndie

Private William MacAndie

Sergeant Alexander Macaskill

Lance Corporal John Macaskill (Alness)

Chief Steward John Macaskill

Private Roderick Macaskill (Alness)

Private Roderick Macaskill (Canada ex-Inverness)

Private Hugh McBain

Private Christopher McCormick

Private Duncan McCormick

Private R McCredie

Signaller Thomas McCredie

Private Angus Macculloch

Lance Corporal Finlay Macculloch

Private John Macculloch

Surname Macandie - Macculloch

Surname Forename Rank Home Relationship
MacAndie David Sergeant Major Portmahomack  
MacAndie Walter Corporal Invergordon Brothers 1
Macandie William Private Invergordon  1
Macaskill Alexander Sergeant Leckmelm  
Macaskill John L/Corporal Alness Brothers 2
Macaskill John Ch. Steward Inverness Brothers 3
Macaskill Roderick Private Alness  2
Macaskill Roderick Private Canada
Macbain Hugh Private Inverness  
McCormick Christopher Private Invergordon Brothers 4
McCormick Duncan Private Canada
McCredie R Private Alness Brothers 5
McCredie Thomas Signaller Alness  5
Macculloch Angus Private Stirling
ex-Muir of Ord
Brothers 6
Macculloch Finlay L/Corporal Alness  
Macculloch John Private Muir of Ord  6
RCHS note:  The spelling of the surname Macaskill/MacCaskill varies between the photograph displayed in the Ross-shire Journal and the name in the newspaper text.

Date of Paper:  28.09.1917
Surname:  MacAndie
Forename:  David
Rank:  Major
Regiment:  Canadians (Calgary Highlanders)
Home Address:  Canada (formerly Library Buildings, Portmahomack)

The friends and acquaintances of Sergt.-Major David MacAndie, son of Mr and Mrs MacAndie, Library Buildings, Portmahomack, will be delighted to hear of his great success. He now wears three honours, the D.C.M., the M.M. and also a French honour. In addition to these he has been offered and has now accepted his commission. His Colonel sent for him and introduced him to his General, saying he was indeed proud to be in command of men such as he. It is gratifying to know that Sergt. Major MacAndie's comrades also have long ago realised his sterling qualities - his ability to command, his courage, resource and endurance - and they have not been slow to tell of it when on leave at various times.
Sgt.-Major MacAndie was born and brought up in Portmahomack, and educated in the Tarbat Old Public School. Subsequently he emigrated to Canada, where he was doing very well. When war broke out he at once offered himself and ultimately came over to this country. In France he rapidly rose from the ranks, becoming sergt. very soon, while after Vimy Ridge he was made sergt.-major. He won his commission on the field, and is already acting lieutenant without being sent to a training camp.
While belonging to the 'Canadians' in a military sense, the village and parish are proud of him and the honours he has won, and their best wishes will follow him in his new sphere. His parents, Mr and Mrs MacAndie, are much respected in the district. His brother, Tom, is also serving his King and country in France, while his oldest brother is in Canada. His only sister is Mrs K. Ross, Loans of Fearn.
A correspondent writes: Quite recently it was announced that Sergt. David MacAndie had received the D.C.M. for distinguished conduct in the field. Now it is announced that he has received the Military Medal as well. In addition to this he has been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant and has just received his commission. He has already received the congratulations of his superior officers, as he has well merited the recognition he has received. His fellow parishioners as a whole, as well as his many friends in the district, are justly proud of their fellow countryman, who by sheer merit has not only been decorated with these two coveted medals, but has risen from the ranks to the position of commissioned officer by praiseworthy devotion to duty at most critical stages in the terrific struggle in France.
Having so distinguished himself in the ranks, it is certain that Lieut. MacAndie will also adorn his position as an officer. His further career will be watched with intense interest by his many friends in the district.
As he may visit his native district shortly, he is sure to receive a right royal welcome and heartiest congratulations from all. In the case of Lieut. MacAndie the poet's words have again become convincingly true, that
"Not once or twice in our rough island story,
The path of duty was the way to glory."
[Handwritten note:Killed August 1918 - 23-8-1918/30-8-1918]

In August 2016 Captain David Macandie's nephew, Mackenzie Macandie, was invited to Canada in order to participate in a ceremony honouring his relative, including the unveiling of a portrait.  Mackenzie ('Mac') owns many of the artefacts belonging to Captain Macandie, including his medals, and provided a black-and-white photograph from which the artist, Jamie Morris, took his inspiration.

The report which follows is courtesy of CBC News:

Calgary Highlanders portrait honours First World War veteran David McAndie.
Soldier who volunteered 100 years ago 'exemplifies the fighting spirit of all ranks of the regiment'.

The Calgary Highlanders have unveiled a portrait of David McAndie, one of the most decorated members of the regiment whose bravery continues to inspire soldiers to this day.
McAndie joined the 10th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, as a Private a century ago.
In the ensuing three years, he fought at the Battle of the Somme, Vimy Ridge, Hill 70 and Passchendaele, earning numerous decorations for bravery in the field.  By 1918, McAndie had been promoted to Captain.
"He exemplifies the fighting spirit of all ranks of the regiment," said Major Peter Boyle of the Calgary Highlanders, which perpetuates the 10th Battalion to this day.
"He was a Corporal, he was a Sergeant and then an Officer, and earned gallantry leading his men at all those levels, and that's very significant in our opinion."
The new portrait of McAndie was unveiled at the Calgary Highlanders Regimental Museum and Archives.
"He volunteered to go fight for Canada and fight for the Empire in 1915," Boyle said.
"I think it's important for Canadians and Calgarians to remember that so many of those who died were volunteers."
McAndie was killed in the final 100 days of the war, kilometres behind the front lines.
"After being through such violent action, he was killed near the battalion's command post by a stray German shell," said Sam Blakely, a former Calgary Highlander and current volunteer with the museum.  "He had the bad luck to be walking toward his command post."

 'Conspicuous gallantry'

Less than a week earlier, McAndie had been awarded one of his highest honours - the Military Cross - for "conspicuous gallantry during an attack" on 8 August 1918.
"He led his company splendidly, capturing and consolidating the position", his award citation reads.
"He then rapidly pushed his men forward and filled an important gap in the line.  Later he captured and held a very strongly garrisoned position considerably in front of the final objective.  He did very fine work."
Lt.-Col. Kyle Clapperton, commanding officer of the Calgary Highlanders, said McAndie's is a "fascinating story" that still resonates with soldiers a century later.  "These stories we identify with those now and they inspire us," he said.
About half a dozen portraits of significant regimental leaders, mostly former officers, have been commissioned in the past but Boyle said this one is unique.
"Captain McAndie is the first one we've commissioned purely for his brave acts," he said.
Calgary artist Jamie Morris, who painted the portrait, said it had an impact on him as he worked on the piece, based off an old studio photograph.  "I kind of got lost in the person behind the portrait," Morris said.
"The more I worked from this black-and-whiote photo, putting my own colour scheme to it, the more it seemed like he was coming to life.  It was very much an honour to be in this position, to bring one of the Calgary Highlanders' most presigious members to life again and give his name the respect it deserves."
Boyle said the plan is to hang the portrait in the Mewata Armoury for a while, to share it with current soldiers, before putting it on public display at the museum. 

A  further honour ...

In January 2018 it was announced that a further honour has been made in memory of Captain McAndie.  A small valley - or coulee - located near to where Captain McAndie lived in Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, when he emigrated to Canada as a teenager, has been named in his honour.  
Captain McAndie was nominated for this 'geomemorial' by Lt Col Peter Boyle, the curator of the Calgary Highlanders Museum, which catalogues and documents the force with which McAndie served as a captain.

Date of Paper:  11.05.1917 and 08.11.1918
Surname:  MacAndie
Forename:  Walter
Rank:   Corporal
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Saltburn, Invergordon

We reproduce today a photograph of Corpl. Walter Macandie, Seaforths, son of Mr W. Macandie, Saltburn, Invergordon. Corporal Macandie joined the county regiment shortly after the outbreak of war, and has been at the Front for nearly two years. A comrade, writing home, says: "He was killed when charging the German second line trenches, and was buried where he fell. Everybody in the company has a good word to say about him. The battalion was very heavily engaged, and did glorious work taking prisoners and guns." Mr Macandie's other son is also at the Front with the same regiment.

The photo of the late Pte. William Macandie, Seaforths, son of Mr Macandie, Saltburn, Invergordon, appears today. As recently reported, Pte. Macandie was killed on August 27th, 1918. 2/Lt. J. Manson, his platoon officer, writing to the father, says: "I am rather at a loss to know how to write you, but I feel that I may in some slight degree help to lighten the grief and pain of your sad bereavement by letting you know the circumstances of your sonís death. He was one of my platoon, and on August 27th we went into action. During the advance we got held up a bit, and came under very heavy fire from the enemy. It was then that your son was struck by a bullet. It may be some little consolation to know that death was instantaneous, and that he did not have to suffer any pain. His death is indeed a great loss to the platoon, and to all of us, as he was always so cheery and happy, and was a great favourite among the boys of the company. But he was all the time a man also, who went forward boldly in the advance, and, up to his death, set a grand example of courage and coolness, and he died like a soldier and was buried on the battlefield along with some comrades who, along with him, made the supreme sacrifice for their King and country. I offer you, Mr Macandie, my deepest and most heartfelt sympathy, and hope that God in His own time will heal the wound He has given, and that we shall all be able to say, Thy will be done."
Pte. Macandie was in Canada when war broke out. He returned at the first opportunity in order to serve his country in his own Territorial battalion. In 1915 he joined the 4th Seaforths, and early in 1916 he went to France. He shared in the battle of Arras in April 1917, was wounded at CambraI in November 1917, and had returned to France only a few weeks before he made the supreme sacrifice.
His only and younger brother, Corpl. Walter Macandie, also of the 4th Seaforths, was killed in action on 9th April 1917, after nearly two years service. He fell near the Vimy Ridge, on ground familiar since then to the Seaforths. He too was a brave soldier. His officer wrote: ìHe died like a brave soldier, doing his duty. He was killed when charging the German second line trenches, and was buried where he fell..
There is deep sympathy with Mr Macandie and his family in their great sorrow.

Date of Paper:  11.05.1917 and 08.11.1918
Surname:  MacAndie
Forename:  William
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Canada (formerly Saltburn, Invergordon)

Date of Paper:  17.11.1916
Surname:  Macaskill
Forename:  Alexander
Rank:  Sergeant
Regiment:  Seaforths / Machine Gun Corps
Home Address:  Leckmelm, Lochbroom

Sergt. Alick Macaskill, Seaforths, missing, believed killed on 16th October, was a son of Captain D. Macaskill and Mrs Macaskill, late of Leckmelm, Lochbroom, and now residing with their daughter, Mrs Webster, Police Chambers, Greenock. Sergeant Macaskill, who was 31 years of age, enlisted in the Seaforth Highlanders on 14th November 1914, and was trained at Cromarty and Nigg. He was transferred to the Machine Gun Corps in November 1915, and in the following February proceeded to France. A typical Highlander, and a brave soldier, he was popular with his men.
In a letter to Mrs Macaskill, Sergeant Macaskill's officer writes: "It is with the greatest regret that I have to inform you that your son is missing, believed killed, on September 16th. It is very terrible for you, but I feel sure you will wish to know the facts of the case, and I will tell you them as far as I know. Your son was under my senior officer, and was with several others in a shell hole on the morning of the 16th. He was firing his gun, and my officer had gone to visit another gun. Just as he was returning a shell burst, blowing the gun to pieces and also two of the men in the shell hole. There was nothing to identify the men, bur from their build it appears that one of them must have been your son. I have purposely delayed writing in order to see if anything should come through from the hospitals, as there is just the possibility even now that he may be only wounded, though in my heart of hearts I am afraid your gallant son has died on the field of battle. It has been a most terrible shock to me, as your son and I have always associated ever since this company was formed. Always popular with all ranks, and ever cheerful, he was at the same time a man with a stern sense of duty. I feel that I have lost one of my best friends, as friends we were many times in the trenches. We have talked over old times and our respective doings. Your son was one of the finest men it has ever been my privilege to meet. Madam, in your hours of sorrow reflect one moment what more glorious end could a man wish for: to die on the field of battle while dealing out death to the accursed race that is at this very moment falling headlong to its doom. Officers and men of the 61st Company, and especially the few remaining out of his own section, join with me in expressing to you and all his loved ones our most heartfelt sympathy in your terrible loss.
P.S. I had already recommended your son for the D.C.M., but as posthumous rewards are not granted, I shall recommend that he be mentioned in dispatches."

Date of Paper:  06.07.1917
Surname:  Macaskill
Forename:  John
Rank:  Lance Corporal
Regiment:  Northumberland Fusiliers
Home Address:  1, Cameron's Buildings, Alness (formerly Dingwall)

As recently reported, Mr D. Mackenzie, 1, Cameron's Buildings, Alness, who is employed at Invergordon, and formerly resided in Dingwall, has received official intimation from the Record Office at Perth that his brother, Lance-Corpl. John Macaskill, 20, Northumberland Fusiliers, has been killed in action. Lance-Corpl. Macaskill joined the Ross Mountain Battery about two years ago, and was transferred to the Tyneside Scottish. He had been only five weeks in France. In peace times he was a baker with Mr Andrew Murray, Dingwall, but was working in Berwick when he joined up voluntarily.
A brother, Pte. Roderick Macaskill, Seaforths, was wounded recently at Arras, and is in hospital in London. Formerly Pte. Roderick Macaskill was a draper with Mr Colin Stewart, Dingwall. He joined the Scots Greys, and was transferred to the Seaforths. Much sympathy is felt with the brother in Alness, who, after bereft of both father and mother, sturdily and independently maintained a home, and practically brought up a young family left on his hands.
Photographs of the two soldiers appear today.

Date of Paper:  06.07.1917
Surname:  Macaskill
Forename:  Roderick
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  1, Cameron's Buildings, Alness (formerly Dingwall)

Date of Paper:  29.09.1916 and 24.05.1918
Surname:  Macaskill
Forename:  John
Rank:  Chief Steward
Regiment:  Royal Navy
Home Address:  9, Friars Street, Inverness

Mr and Mrs Macaskill, 9 Friars Street, Inverness, have been officially informed that their eldest son, Private Roderick (Rod) Macaskill, was reported killed in action on 3rd June, 1916. Pte. Macaskill was born 33 years ago in the Merkinch district. His father belongs to Opinan, while his mother is a native of Ormiscaig, Ross-shire. Previous to emigrating to Canada about nine years ago, Pte. Macaskill was employed in the Rose Street Foundry, Inverness, and on the outbreak of war, like so many other patriotic Highland colonials, soon made his way to the nearest recruiting depot, and enlisted in the Vancouver Highlanders.
On arriving in England he was transferred to another corps. He paid a short visit to his native town on the 18th May, and seemed to be in the best of health.
The late Pte. Macaskill, who served in France for a period of nine months, is one of four brothers at present on service. Donald is in France with the Scots Greys, while Hector is in the Navy somewhere at sea, and John is on a transport.
The sympathy of a wide circle of friends goes out to Mr and Mrs Macaskill and family in the loss they have sustained. He was a loving, faithful and dutiful son.

As already announced, Mr and Mrs Hector Macaskill, 9 Friars Street, Inverness, have been informed of the sad news of the death of their second son, Chief Steward John Macaskill, S.S. Clan Colquhoun, which took place on Friday 12th April, after a very short illness, at the hospital, Port Said, of smallpox, contracted on the homeward voyage. He was cut off at the comparatively early age of 27 years.
Deceased served his apprenticeship with Mr Thomas Fraser, flesher, Castle Street, Inverness, leaving afterwards to fill a situation as cook on the steamer Lochness, plying between Inverness and Fort Augustus, when, out of a large number of applicants, he secured the post of chief steward on board the s.s. Clan Colquhoun. As such he was very popular with everyone with whom he came in contact, especially the officers, crews, and passengers, who mourn the loss of a painstaking and persevering officer. During the present hostilities his ship was twice torpedoed, and he lost everything he had in his possession. He was a prominent member of St Mary''s Lodge of Freemasons.
The deepest sympathy is extended to his sorrowing father and mother (late of Ormiscaig and Opinan, Ross-shire), as well as to his brothers and sisters (one of whom is married in Canada), in the great loss they have sustained on the death of a capable son and affectionate brother.
This is the second bereavement in the family in the short space of twenty-two months, his eldest brother, Pte. Rod. Macaskill, having made the supreme sacrifice on June 2nd, 1916, while serving with the Canadian Highlanders in France.
Two other brothers are serving their country - Hector in the Navy, and Donald in the R.F.A. Photos of the dead brothers appear today.

Date of Paper:  29.09.1916 and 24.05.1918
Surname:  Macaskill
Forename:  Roderick
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Vancouver Highlanders
Home Address:  Canada (formerly 9, Friars Street, Inverness)

Date of Paper:  07.09.1917
Surname:  MacBain
Forename:  Hugh
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  2nd Scots Guards
Home Address:  6, Diriebught Road, Inverness

Above will be found a portrait of Private Hugh McBain, 2nd Scots Guards, a brother of Mr Donald McBain, Moy Hall Farm, Inverness. Always possessed of a desire to be a soldier, Pte. McBain joined the Scots Guards in 1913, during the time he was employed as a farm hand at Culloden Home Farm. He went to France in 1914, and was subsequently wounded twice, but was able to return to duty on each occasion. At the battle of the Somme, through which he came without a scratch, he was awarded the Military Medal for devotion to duty. Although not yet 23 years of age, he stands six feet in height, and is a fine specimen of a Highland soldier.
Pte. McBain is a son of Mrs McBain, 6 Diriebught Road, Inverness, and his father will be well remembered as the late Mr Hugh McBain, who was for a number of years with the late laird of Delny, Mr Tom Urquhart. Pte. McBain himself is well known in Ross-shire, in which county he served with Mr Murray, late of Kilcoy, and with Mr J. D. Fletcher of Rosehaugh. A native of Ross-shire, he was born at Whitebog, Cromarty. Recently he was home on ten daysí leave from France, where he is now attached to a stretcher-bearer company. He looks fit and well. His brother, Allan, is serving with the Egyptian Forces, while his brother-in-law, Private R. Clunas, well known in the Dingwall district, having served at Brae Farm, made the supreme sacrifice on the 8th November 1915.

Date of Paper:  25.04.1919
Surname:  McCormick
Forename:  Christopher
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  7th Seaforth Highlanders
Home Address:  Balblair, Invergordon

Private Christopher McCormick, 7th Seaforth Highlanders, who gave his life for his country a year ago, enlisted in May 1917, and was soon in the thick of the turmoil on the Western Front. In the big German push of March 1918, he had the misfortune to be taken prisoner. Added to that was the fact that he was wounded, and on 7th April, 12 days after being captured, he died of wounds in a German hospital. A son of Mrs McCormick, Balblair, Invergordon, deceased was 35 years of age, and a gardener to trade.
A brother, Pte. Duncan McCormick, M.G. Battery, 4th Canadians, has now returned to Canada for demobilisation. Pte. McCormick, who is 29 years of age, was farming in the colony when the war broke out. He heard the call of the Motherland and responded. For two years he served on the Western Front and was twice wounded.

Date of Paper:  25.04.1919
Surname:  McCormick
Forename:  Duncan
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  M.G. Battery, 4th Canadians
Home Address:  Canada (formerly Balblair, Invergordon)

Date of Paper:  05.10.1917
Surname:  McCredie
Forename:  R.
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Deer Park, Alness

Above we reproduce the portraits of two Alness brothers, both of whom have recently been wounded in action.
Signaller Thomas McCredie, Seaforths, is wounded by gunshot in the legs, but it is pleasing to know that he is making satisfactory progress towards recovery. Signaller McCredie, who is 20 years of age, is a grandson of Mr and Mrs Roderick Maclennan, Deer Park, Alness, and was educated at the Alness Public School. Subsequently he went to Glasgow, where he was employed in a wine merchantís business. He joined the Seaforths about a year ago, and has seen considerable service in France.
Private R. McCredie, Seaforths, his brother, was wounded on 8th September, and has been admitted to No. 36 Casualty Clearing Station. Prior to enlisting Pte. McCredie was employed at the Gardens, Ardross.

Date of Paper:  05.10.1917
Surname:  McCredie
Forename:  Thomas
Rank:  Signaller
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Deer Park, Alness

Date of Paper:  18.01.1918
Surname:  Macculloch
Forename:  Angus
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Ardnagrask, Muir of Ord

There is reproduced today a photograph of the late Pte. John Macculloch, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Macculloch, Ardnagrask, Muir of Ord, who was reported killed on the 12th October, 1917. Pte. Macculloch joined up in June 1916, proceeding to France in October. He was engaged as head gardener at Milngavie.
Pte. Macculloch is survived by a widow and young family, who reside in Stirlingshire, with whom and with his parents and brothers and sisters deep sympathy is felt.
2/Lt. R. Hunter, in a letter to the widow, says: "He was killed by enemy rifle fire while advancing to the attack under trying conditions. I regret his death very much: he is missed by all his comrades." The C.S.M., in a letter, says: "He suffered no pain and died instantaneously. I sincerely hope this note may help to soften the blow when official information reaches you."
A younger brother, Pte. Angus Macculloch, Seaforths (whose photograph also appears), has been serving in France since 1914, and so far has come through without a scratch.

Date of Paper:  18.01.1918
Surname:  Macculloch
Forename:  John
Rank:  Private
Regiment:  Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Home Address:  Stirling (formerly Ardnagrask, Muir of Ord)

Date of Paper:  29.12.1916
Surname:  Macculloch
Forename(s):  Finlay
Rank:  Lance Corporal
Regiment:  Seaforths
Home Address:  Dalmore, Alness

The above is a portrait of the late Lance Corporal Finlay Macculloch, Seaforths, who was killed in France on 16th November 1916. Deceased was the third son of Mr John Macculloch, Dalmore, Alness. A gardener to trade, he served his apprenticeship with the late Mr Reid, gardener, Lemlair, after which he held posts at Foulis Castle and at Ardullie. At the outbreak of war he joined the county territorial regiment, and went to France with them in November 1914. He came through all the engagements in which his regiment took part without a scratch, until he was hit by shrapnel on 16th November. He was a brave and gallant youth, and very popular.

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